Technology Banking
finance | 2 minute read

Transforming post-trade FX with distributed ledger tech

By Dan Vogt, Director, Head of New Technologies and Data Management for FX at Wells Fargo

Distributed ledger technology (DLT) has the potential to positively impact how the financial services industry records assets, transacts, and manages data. Within global payment services, FX post-trade processing stands to benefit from DLT.

There are two sides to an FX transaction: pre-trade and post-trade. Today's pre-trade experience is highly efficient for banks and their corporate customers. FX trading platforms can stream exchange rates and enable precise, near-instant trade execution.

Once the rate locks in, and the trade occurs, the focus shifts from risk management to multicurrency payment settlement. And that's where the challenges begin.

Today in the high-volume world of FX, settling trades across bank counterparties creates back-office inefficiencies. Each bank updates its own system of record separately and maintains its own copy of the trade. Even the smallest disagreement on a trade causes additional work to match records between bank counterparties.

Cross-border payments that span multiple currencies and jurisdictions could require hand-offs across two or more correspondent banks, which further slows trade settlement and impedes payment transparency.

Envisioning post-trade transformation

DLT would enable banks to create a single, shared record of an FX transaction by combining three existing technologies:

The application of a shared ledger would allow for near-instantaneous accounting and reconciliation with complete transparency between counterparties. This would virtually eliminate associated credit risk while improving back-office efficiencies. It would bring post-trade FX settlement up to speed with expectations for faster payments, which are already being addressed in the world of consumers.

Change takes time

It is unclear when distributed ledgers will become integrated within the financial services industry. In terms of governance, regulations are needed, including legislation that allows banks to meet compliance requirements under new, more collaborative operating models.

In terms of practical execution, the financial services industry is unlikely to achieve one ubiquitous shared network among all FX market participants in the near term. Central utilities in the clearing and settlement space, such as SWIFT and CLS, already are working on their own versions of DLT. Consortia have formed globally to explore DLT using different platforms.

How to prepare

Key to realizing the long-term vision for FX post-trade transformation is achieving interoperability across distributed ledgers.

Enabling connectivity between networks is one potential area of opportunity among many for fintechs looking to support FX industry developments. More generally, fintechs should keep close tabs on financial services applications, including in the payments space, to determine whether an investment in DLT can create value.

Given the high profile of distributed ledger technology, many technology companies are wondering whether, when and how to invest. Given the transformational possibilities for distributed ledgers, the technology warrants careful research and monitoring by technology firms to understand its potential application to solving customer problems and address industry needs.

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Securities Products:

Not Insured by FDIC or any Federal Government Agency

May Lose Value

Not a Deposit of or Guaranteed by a Bank or Any Bank Affiliate

© 2019 Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. All rights reserved. Deposit products offered by Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. Member FDIC. Deposits held in non-U.S. branches are not FDIC insured.

Wells Fargo Securities is the trade name for the capital markets and investment banking services of Wells Fargo & Company and its subsidiaries, including but not limited to Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, a member of NYSE, FINRA, NFA and SIPC, Wells Fargo Prime Services, LLC, a member of FINRA, NFA and SIPC, and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and Wells Fargo Prime Services, LLC are distinct entities from affiliated banks and thrifts.

© 2019 Wells Fargo Asset Management (WFAM) is a trade name used by the asset management businesses of Wells Fargo & Company. Wells Fargo Funds Management, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Wells Fargo & Company, provides investment advisory and administrative services for Wells Fargo Managed Account Services and Wells Fargo Funds. Other affiliates of Wells Fargo & Company provide subadvisory and other services for the funds. The funds are distributed by Wells Fargo Funds Distributor, LLC, Member FINRA, an affiliate of Wells Fargo & Company. Neither Wells Fargo Funds Distributor nor Wells Fargo Funds Management holds fund shareholder accounts or assets. This material is for general informational and educational purposes only and is NOT intended to provide investment advice or a recommendation of any kind—including a recommendation for any specific investment, strategy, or plan.

© 2019 Wells Fargo Capital Finance. All rights reserved. Products and services require credit approval. Wells Fargo Capital Finance is the trade name for certain asset-based lending services, senior secured lending services, accounts receivable and purchase order finance services, and channel finance services of Wells Fargo & Company and its subsidiaries.

Wells Fargo & Company conducts business outside the U.S. through various companies, including duly authorized and regulated subsidiaries and affiliates in Asia, Canada, and Latin America. In Europe, banking services are provided through Wells Fargo Bank International (WFBI), directly regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland, and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. London Branch, authorized by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the PRA. All products and services may not be available in all countries. Each situation needs to be evaluated individually and is subject to local regulatory requirements.

We provide links to external websites for convenience. Wells Fargo does not endorse and is not responsible for their content, links, privacy or securities policies.

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The opinions expressed in this document are general in nature and not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual or association. Contact your banker, attorney, accountant or tax advisor with regard to your individual situation. The opinions of the author do not necessarily reflect those of Wells Fargo Capital Finance or any other Wells Fargo entity.

The information in this report is for educational purposes only and should not be used or construed as financial advice or a recommendation to participate any strategy mentioned herein. Wells Fargo does not guarantee that the information supplied is complete, undertake to advise you of any change in its opinion, or make any guarantees of future results obtained from its use. The concepts discussed in the paper require the assistance of qualified legal counsel and tax advisors, and investors should consult their own attorneys and tax advisors with respect to their own situations.

  1. Silicon Valley Top 150 2017 Silicon Valley Top 150 Public Technology Companies Rankings by Annual Revenue

Disclosures

Securities Products:

Not Insured by FDIC or any Federal Government Agency

May Lose Value

Not a Deposit of or Guaranteed by a Bank or Any Bank Affiliate

© 2019 Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. All rights reserved. Deposit products offered by Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. Member FDIC. Deposits held in non-U.S. branches are not FDIC insured.

Wells Fargo Securities is the trade name for the capital markets and investment banking services of Wells Fargo & Company and its subsidiaries, including but not limited to Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, a member of NYSE, FINRA, NFA and SIPC, Wells Fargo Prime Services, LLC, a member of FINRA, NFA and SIPC, and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and Wells Fargo Prime Services, LLC are distinct entities from affiliated banks and thrifts.

© 2019 Wells Fargo Asset Management (WFAM) is a trade name used by the asset management businesses of Wells Fargo & Company. Wells Fargo Funds Management, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Wells Fargo & Company, provides investment advisory and administrative services for Wells Fargo Managed Account Services and Wells Fargo Funds. Other affiliates of Wells Fargo & Company provide subadvisory and other services for the funds. The funds are distributed by Wells Fargo Funds Distributor, LLC, Member FINRA, an affiliate of Wells Fargo & Company. Neither Wells Fargo Funds Distributor nor Wells Fargo Funds Management holds fund shareholder accounts or assets. This material is for general informational and educational purposes only and is NOT intended to provide investment advice or a recommendation of any kind—including a recommendation for any specific investment, strategy, or plan.

© 2019 Wells Fargo Capital Finance. All rights reserved. Products and services require credit approval. Wells Fargo Capital Finance is the trade name for certain asset-based lending services, senior secured lending services, accounts receivable and purchase order finance services, and channel finance services of Wells Fargo & Company and its subsidiaries.

Wells Fargo & Company conducts business outside the U.S. through various companies, including duly authorized and regulated subsidiaries and affiliates in Asia, Canada, and Latin America. In Europe, banking services are provided through Wells Fargo Bank International (WFBI), directly regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland, and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. London Branch, authorized by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the PRA. All products and services may not be available in all countries. Each situation needs to be evaluated individually and is subject to local regulatory requirements.

We provide links to external websites for convenience. Wells Fargo does not endorse and is not responsible for their content, links, privacy or securities policies.

Important notice regarding use of cookies: By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies as described in our Digital Privacy and Cookies Policy.

The opinions expressed in this document are general in nature and not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual or association. Contact your banker, attorney, accountant or tax advisor with regard to your individual situation. The opinions of the author do not necessarily reflect those of Wells Fargo Capital Finance or any other Wells Fargo entity.

The information in this report is for educational purposes only and should not be used or construed as financial advice or a recommendation to participate any strategy mentioned herein. Wells Fargo does not guarantee that the information supplied is complete, undertake to advise you of any change in its opinion, or make any guarantees of future results obtained from its use. The concepts discussed in the paper require the assistance of qualified legal counsel and tax advisors, and investors should consult their own attorneys and tax advisors with respect to their own situations.

  1. 2017 Silicon Valley Top 150 Public Technology Companies Rankings by Annual Revenue.